1 – Introduction.
It is easy to have faith in saints, doctors or psychologists, nevertheless this could be false faith, since in front of any disappointment, even the smallest, there is unfaithfulness or distrust. This kind of faith is different from the state of faith, in which there are deep changes in personality. Like the ones that happen when an individual practices deep meditation through Zen Buddhism, goes into religious retreat, or even practices the non-thought taught by Bion (19), these are all difficult methods for occidental people.
Very few people achieve the state of faith. It is necessary to continuously think in a positive and constructive way in order to regulate morphic fields, keep in balance hormones, neurotransmitters, minerals, enzymes, kinines and the metabolism in general.
In Thailand we have asked a monk if all of them could practice Zen meditation deeply. He said not all monks could. We believe that the monks who had severe unconscious conflicts in themolding period which have created guilt, would not be able to meditate deeply. Deep meditation increases prolactine, an indicator of a calm brain with a clear mind and peace of spirit, it also regulates other hormones such as phenylalanyne, cortisol, amino acids, etc. (54)
The power of a prayer is extraordinary, however only if the religious person is in a “true state of faith”, he will be able to transmit magnetic waves which can reach and operate in someone else.
Faith is not a conventional act expressed only for a moment, at home or in temples. It is a feeling of trust and fraternal love, operating and permanent, which should be practiced, not only in temples, but at home, at work (during the relationship with patients) and amongst society.
In the Epistle of Saint Thiago (52) there are the sayings “faith without works is a dead faith”. If one says he has faith but if there are no works, that is, if one does not feel the psychotherapist’s interpretation, then which proverb could he use?
Bion (19) suggests that a psychotherapist learns how to work restraining memory, desire and comprehension providing a mental state, which together with faith allows him to approach psychic reality, that cannot be known, but is “felt”- a scientific act of faith which must be distinguished from religious faith, for it functions in a non-sensorial dimension helped by intuition (an ability to grasp specifically emotional states). This act of faith is a mental attitude favored by “not remembering, non-desire and non-comprehension”, intended to capture evolutions from zero (zero in the graph). (19)
We are still “scratching the surface” of our knowledge about the relationship between one unconscious mind and another.
Duns Scot (50) believes that faith is not a speculative habit, neither the act of believing is a speculative act, neither the vision which follows belief is a speculative vision, but they all are practical.
Eckhart ( apud Abbagnano pg. 410) (49) sees in faith the means through which man reaches the last reality of himself and of God – it is the birth of God in man.
Faith is a kind of pre-orgasm of the knowledge which will make us happy in the future, making hoped things, that is, happiness, already live inside us. It is around Christ and the Holy Trinity that all knowledge of faith is generated (Saint Paul – Epistle to Hebrews 11,1) (52).
When the patient feels the analyst as if he were God, united, simple, perfect, infinite, intelligent and endowed with will – then the patient will be in a state of faith (it is Theástai which means to know how to see).
Faith was the first response of man to the divine appeal of grace, that is, free affirmation and self manifestation of God, the sins would be forgiven (fiducial faith).
Incredulity is lack of faith in God’s revelation together with superstition which is a false faith, resulting from guilt feelings.
There are three kinds of innate faith: pure, passionate and dreadful, which form respectively, the pure man, the powerful adventurers and, finally, the ones dominated by aggressiveness and evil (30). Equally faith for Kant (24) can be pragmatic (practical and useful), doctrinal faith (compromised) and moral faith, which is sure not be communicated, and therefore not is from a logical nature but, is moral certainty based on subjective fundaments. Equally, faith is, first of all, an existential act, a direction given to the individual’s life, able to transform him and not exempt of risks.
The reason some patients cannot have faith in the psychotherapist is because they are full of death instinct (tanatus), which is machiavellian, surreptitious, treacherous and sadistic, or because they are superimposing the castrating father’s image from childhood attached to the combined figure which is always castrating. God would be in the unconscious child’s fantasy, which can remain in adult life, simply a projection of the father. This God has nothing to do with God in reality!
The reason some patients refuse to be psycho-analyzed or abandon psychoanalysis is because they are afraid of knowing themselves, they have no faith in themselves and in the psychotherapist. There is a predominance of unconscious self destruction. For these reasons, the patient must be psychoanalyzed to solve his state of faith or must be helped through other methods, like poets and thinkers say:
Pietro Ubaldi (51): “Have faith even if the sky is dark,
The horizon close
And everything seems ended;
There will always be awaiting,
A strength that will make you rise”.
Or F. W. Lorenz (53): “No matter what crisis appear in your life,
Never destroy the flowers of Hope
And you will harvest the fruits of Faith”
2 – Contribution Of Quantum Physics to The Understanding of Feelings.
We would like to focus on KOAN, a paradox insoluble by intellect and by logic (1). One can hear the noise of two hands clapping, but try now to hear the noise of only one hand. If we could use the phenomenon of electromagnetic radiation or of Hadrions electrons: Baryons-proton, neutrino, lambda, sigma, ksi and omega, Mesons, pion, kaon and eta; Leptons; neutrino, electron, muon (2); positron and anti –protons, understanding them technically, maybe we could begin understanding the KOAN phenomenon. Specially if we knew better the Homo Mythical(producer of unconscious fantasies), morphemic resonance (non material) collective memory inherent in nature and Charon’s Neognostic Physics (3 a,b). This way we could sort out human mind.
The new Gnostic from Princeton and Pasadena have kept from the ancient philosophy, the idea that the “Spirit” is indissoluble from all phenomenon we see in the Universe, whether physical or psychic.
When a human being affirms “I think”, Gnostics emphasize: people should say in a better way “he thinks” or “he dominates a thought in space”, in the same way physics say “he dominates a magnetic field in space”, and is able to give “birth” to thought in space, in the same way an electron is able to give birth to an electric field around itself in space. Since then thoughts are present everywhere. Wherever they go, a chemical element will go along. My body responds to my mind and my mind is inserted in every part of my body. According to Reale (4), Anselmo D’Aosta says, when one thinks of God as a supreme being and nothing greater than him could be thought, then He necessarily exists, whether in intellect or in reality. Reale also says: “Cogito ergo Deus est” (I think, then God exists) as well as “I love, then I believe”. A religious belief results from the human feeling of fragility, subject to an unexpected and unpredictable physical end which makes human beings appeal to the belief in a transcendent end. In our opinion this fragility would be a consequence of an unconscious guilt feeling from childhood fantasies. The Pope John Paul II (apud Reale) says that in the depths of certain atheist souls there is a repressed aspiration towards transcendence, because man is only man when he transcends.
Inside each man there are microscopic individualities that think, know and transport the “Spirit” in the Universe and that according to Gnostics, could be called eons or holons. They know human knowledge, since they are the ones who “think” this knowledge, however this knowledge is widely above human knowledge. One of the elementary particles which form our body, theelectron, possesses a structure which represents it as a “micro black hole”, a “geometry” which contents a space-time relation totally alike the ones in black holes. Finally a space-time relation of Spirit.
We will bring some examples we learned in a discussion with Buddhists at the International Psychosomatic Medicine Congress in Kioto, Japan, 1977.
3 – The Importance of the Haecceity or Thisness Concept.
The information exchange between two electrons, that is, the spiritual exchange can occur regardless of the distance. We can see here the first truly scientific bases of the telepathic phenomenon and of our HAECCEITY concept(5,b).
The electron is an actual micro universe; it possesses cyclic time which allows it to reencounter past states of the space of which it is constituted. Not only there is no real objection to the concept of particles endowed with “psychics”, but still everything we perceive around us shows us the disseminated psychics in things.
My “Ego”, that is, my “Spirit”, communicates with my electrons. There is identity between my “Ego” and my electrons.
If we think about the elementary particles, such as protons or electrons, we can say that all matter of our body is preserved after our death; physics confirms that such particles are “stable”, that is, they last practically an infinite life –immortal soul!
4 –Functional Asymmetry and Anti-Matter.
According to Gleiser (6), when matter and anti-matter make contact they disintegrate immediately and their masses would be transformed into electromagnetic relations. Therefore, we are a product of this fundamental asymmetry in the Universe.
An anti-matter atom would be an atom of anti-hydrogen. For each complete round of an anti-atom (3 million rounds per second!) an anti-proton bombs a sample of xenon gas. The speed of apositron would be close enough to the speed of an anti-proton so that both could attract electrically and form an atom of “anti-hydrogen”. Until today 9 of them were created for once originated the anti-atoms there would exist only 40 billions of a second, travelling at a speed close to the one of light until they collide and disappear.
Pascal (7) was right when he observed that Man Kind is a “thinking animal” and it is thought that gives us the deep feeling of existence. It is precisely thought which searches tirelessly the exterior environment and informs our electrons.
Electrons in the DNA have extremely specialized information, fit to assure each one of our body functions, enzymes, hormones Ca, PH, K, kinines, neurotransmitters, etc. Thought is stimulating biochemicaly the cells of the organs and these operating in the brain, that is, in thoughts and feelings.
All information we store in spiritual particles during our human life, participate in the constitution of our body and will survive beyond our corporal death, practically through eternity (3,a) Pascal said: “The immortality of the soul relates to us and touches us in such a deep way that, one must have lost all feelings in order to consider this question indifferently (7).
Each particle possesses a “history” that belongs to the remote past of the Universe. This means that each particle has lived different experiences than its neighbor, before participating together in the same living or thinking complex structure.
The spermatozoid suffers (the tail is cut) when entering the ovules and also when both unite, this suffering is marked on its structure (in the DNR).
The holy flame would be in all individuals (essence is universal as Tomism prays) or would be indifferently included (the universe and the individual) in the essence (haecceity concept) in such way this concept depends on considering the metaphysics and physics essence (this would be a mutable energetic phenomenon) or believing or not in the existence of the eternal soul.
5 – Philosofical Considerations, Unconscious Processes non Accessible to Conscience.
Talles of Millet declared that all things were full of gods. (8,b)
To René Descartes (Principia philosophiae apud Brugger) (8,a), the vision of nature came from a fundamental splitting in two separate and independent kingdoms: the mind (res cogitans)and the matter (res extensa). The “Cartesian” division allowed scientists to treat matter as something dead. “The soul could be found in the pineal gland”, Cartesian concept.
The best way to study the spirit is to conceive conscience as a biological phenomenon. The contemporary cognitive science considers that the basic explanation to conscience lays on unconscious elements. The basic model of explanation is: there are unconscious processes which are not accessible neither to conscience nor to neurobiology. According to searlean concepts: “there is need for intentionality, without necessarily postulating an unconscious mechanism in the brain”. “The brain is the cause of spirit and spirit is a characteristic of the brain”. Good thoughts and feelings are defenders of physical and mental health.
6 - Morphic Fields– Squizofrenic Language.
To Sheldrake (55), the morphic fields can overcome limitations of the mechanism and offer an understandable explanation to countless non comprehended phenomenon, among them the communication between people and the ordered flight of a flock of birds (during psychoanalysis, in order to understand the schizophrenic language in the word mix, we use the Von Domarus principle, based on predicates and on metonym). Sheldrake (55) believes that all living creatures have their own morphic fields and that the rational mind, product of mechanism, operates as a filter suppressing the possibilities of telepathy (it can still happen in special circumstances). Comparing to gravitational fields, this philosopher considers the hypothesis of God, as being represented by a great attractant (one that attracts) towards which all evolution converges.
The adepts of Mileto’s school were called hilozoists, that is, “those who believe that matter is alive”.
7 –Newtonian Mechanics and Maxwelian Electrodynamics are no Longer the Basis of All Physics.
Wise men did not see any separation between animated and inanimate worlds, between spirit and matter. Newtonian Mechanics unified our comprehension of stellar movement: The Maxwelian Electrodynamics unified our knowledge of space – time – gravity. In psychoanalysis, progress and interpretation of observational data are fulfilled overcoming the dogmas of the different schools. Therefore, Newtonian Mechanics and Maxwelian Electrodynamics are no longer the basis of all physics.
Newton, the father of the Gravity Theory, has always defended concepts of spiritual essence. He distinguished two kinds of light: the phenomenon light, which we see; and the numênica light, which would be the carrier of what we call “Spirit” (or Nous or Libido or Love).
The more we penetrate in the submicroscopic world, the better we understand the way through which the modern physicist, just like oriental mystic people, begins to perceive the world as a system of inseparable components, in permanent interaction and movement, with man as a part of this system. The Cartesian - Newtonian notion of the world becomes obsolete and unbearable, in its place appear the new images and concepts such as :original matter is “Eddigtonian” mental substance, Fosterian “intelligent universe” and Tribanian “holographic universe”. The Quantum Theory has demonstrated that sub-atomic particles are not isolated grains of matter, but probability models, interconnections in an inseparable cosmic matter which includes the human observer, since the observation of the phenomenon can affect the same phenomenon.
8 – Modern Physics Takes us to a Point of View Similar to the One of Mystics From All Times and Traditions.
A parallel with modern physics can be found in the Hindu text Vedas and the adepts of the Upanishads follow the concept that the world is considered to have a deceiving appearance. Maya Sunkara believed that the individual ego is identical to the Brahman (1). Theses parallels also appear in the I Ching, (1) in the Buddhist Sufras as well as in the fragments of Heraclit of Efesus, the obscure. The latter has established the Logos, the permanent unit of being beyond the mutability of things: “nothing stays still”. And beyond Empedocles of Agrigentus, the founder of concepts such as the one of the substance being immutable and the one of the althea, the truth to the human measure, parity between love and hate (8, a, b), as well as the concepts of the teachings of the yaqui sorcerer Dom Juan (10), in the Sufis of Ibn Arabi, Al - Farabi, Algazal who described IHYA (Of death and of the one who follows the muslin eschatology treaty) (8, c), Attar (11), Sadi, Omar Khayyam (12) (similar to Spinosa whom they called “the philosopher intoxicated by God) (11). In Sufis man is a miniature of God (Microtheos) who lives uniquely to God, renounces to luxuries and vanities to perceive the “taste” and “ecstasies”, kinds of inner lights of the divine inspirations, (like an insight); and Tauhid unification with God perceived byUjdaniyat (13).
The quantum theory says that the spins (measures) of two electrons around an axle, whose measure over particle number 1 could be millions of times away, so particle 2 would acquire a defined spin, by the chosen axle, even though this one does not have time to receive this information through a conventional physical way (14).
Gluons are not real particles but a kind of quanta (individual unit in which waves can be emitted or absorbed) that glues quarks among themselves in order to form mésons and bárions, which to us could explain countless mental phenomenon, including telepathy or the communication between unconscious minds.
For example, an electron’s jump from one atomic orbit to the other or the declining of a subatomic particle (spin) can happen spontaneously, without having as a cause an isolated event. We could cite experiences with trained animals: in a non-trained cat the hipo-field electric waves precede the ones in the entorrinal cortex suggesting that hipo-field activity flows to the cortex. In a trained animal the interrupted waves precede the ones of the hipo-field.
There are hidden variables unknown by physicists which prevent from making exact predictions since they are instant connections with the universe as a whole, differing from classical physics. The whole determines the behavior of the parts, just like in Gestalt psychology.
Koans could explain the sound of one hand through quantum electrodynamics and chromodyinamics !
Equally, Werner Heisenberg ‘s “Uncertainty Principle ”(15), as well as Quantum – relativity Theories, in physics of particles could clarify many experiences of nature like parapsychology phenomenon.
According to Geoffrey Chew, the “Bootstrap” Theory would take us beyond science (16): to see the world as a dynamics of physical and psychic relations which would be the “Cosmic Dance”, that is, Shiva dancing in a “chamber of bubbles”, is a theoretical concept, which shows the parallel between physics and mysticism (17).
Socrates, in Greece, affirmed “I know that nothing I know” and Lao Tse, in China (one should not separate his book from the Chiang Tse, both should be considered from the same origin) has assured that the best thing is not to know that one knows (18). We can compare what Bion said about the “non breast” or “without memory or desire” when we analyze a patient (19).
Truth was hidden in “Koans” paradoxes which could not be solved through the rational but demanded comprehension in terms of a new perception: the perception of atomic reality
9 - The Atomic and Subatomic Worlds Are Located Beyond Our Sensorial Perception.
Through digitized tomography or P.E.T. or F.2. desoxiglicose or even through magnetic resonance, one can know if an individual has good or bad thoughts.
In a Medical Clinic meeting at “Escola Paulista de Medicina”, professors Edgard Atra and Feres Secaf have made talks about the Sjogren disease, projecting shinny slides and video-tapesabout heart and brain tomography, which looked more like an Art Museum class due to such “colorful beauty”. In the end we commented the importance of brain computerized tomography, mainly Positron Emission (Pet), to the differential diagnosis of cerebral sclerosis and pre-frontal schizophrenia. Professor. Feres Secaf said: “this is nothing, tomography can even know about thought”. Many have laughed! We answered that through tomography marked by fluordesoxiglicose, we could check the neurons’ level of exposure. In a confuse thought there would be an increase in bufotenine or taraxein, in an aggressive thought, increase of nor-epinephrine, in an anxious thought, the antigabamodulinic, etc. Prolactine is low in schizophrenics and Zen Buddhist meditation increases prolactine in the blood. Exaggerating, we could say that: “even good or bad thoughts could be detected...”. This is psychosomatic science today.
10 – The Discovery of Guilt Produced by Unconscious Fantasies has Modified the Etiopatogenia of Psychosis and Somatizations, Surpassing Old Concepts.
One cannot trust with absolute certainty in logic or common sense anymore. Atomic Physics has supplied scientists with the first glimpse of the essential nature of things. Like mystic people, physicists were dealing with a non-sensorial experience of reality and were forced to see the paradoxical aspects of this experience. Since then, the models and images of modern physics became similar to the ones of oriental philosophy.
11 – New Visions of Phenomenons.
After these transformations, came to light an entirely new and radically different point of view, which is still a work in progress through this scientific research. Chuang Tsé (18) says: “the serene mind of the wise man is a mirror of the sky and the earth – a mirror of all things”.
Taoism (by Lao-Tsé or the old master) transmits teachings without words (2).
Tao is the latest reality and non definable as such, it is equivalent to Hinduism Brahman and to Buddhist Dharmakaya or “the thing in itself” Kantean, never entirely known. Taoism is interested in intuitive knowledge and not in rational knowledge.
Avarjuna’s doctrine (the second Buddha), in the second century of our era, and the doctrine of the Asanga and Vasabundu brothers, have developed the concept of cosmic conscience (Alaya Vijnana). Reality would be nothing more but a construction of our conscience, also considering other aspects as the impersonal cosmic matrix and the unconscious of all psychic manifestations. Therefore, they have described for the first time, the discovery of the unconscious (2 thousand years before Freud and Jung’s collective unconscious mind). (20)
Concerning the correlation of these theories with psychoanalytic and psychosomatic techniques, we could mention some examples.
The exploration of the sub atomic world has revealed a reality which suddenly transcends language and reasoning. It also leads to the unification of concepts that until now were considered opposite and non conciliatory, which has become one of the most notable characteristics of this new reality.
Ikemi (21,a) refers to dô, a path to become “enlightened” (Satori or insight) through this discipline which favors the control of movements. Just like the Sado (tea ceremony), in which one offers through graceful movements, the scent of incense, friendship and pleasure in human relationship (Ichigo Ichie – one chance, one meeting). The same process occurs in Zen Buddhism when, through relaxation (in which there is a blood prolactine increase that confirms an anti stress situation) one avoids “Taitoku”, that is, somatization and alexitimia.
A similar phenomenon occurs in Schultz’s autogenic relaxation and in Yoga. Ikemi has verified 72 cases of cancer cure, when patients have devoted themselves with faith and great humility to the Zen philosophy taught by Shinsho-noie. (21)
According to Chopra (23) the Quantum Cure is not a spontaneous recovery (only one happens in 20 thousand cases with cancer diagnosis) it is more than that when deep meditation(Samadhi) is used. The praxis of visualizing ones own tumor (not identifying with this neoplasia) or visualizing the immune system “trying to feel” the blood attacking cancer cells, therefore creates positive visual images together with a radical change in behavior, accepting the hipocratic concept that a “seriously ill patient could recover through the faith in the goddess of his doctor”. The kinines, enzymes, endorphins, hormones, neuro-transmitters and neuropeptides should “choose the receptor on the cellular wall” with specificity (haecceity). Mind cannot be projected on the body without such chemical substances. In each thought the mind can move atoms of H, C, O and other particles of the cerebral cells such as the neuropeptides. There is not a straight linking line (as in the rational world of Newton) there is a concealed transformation in progress such as a thought in molecule. The neuropeptides obey to mind commands at the speed of light. All of our cells are capable of producing these substances, weather it is interleukine, colecistokinine, etc. Thereafter the concept of the thinking body or, as said before, of the ego cellular-humoral (15,d). If the patient senses the physician or the treatment as a wicked message the ability of cure diminishes a lot. Elmer and Alyce Green (apudChopra) (23) in 400 cases of spontaneous recovering all patients had something in common – they had changed their attitude before the cure happened. Meditation through quantum curemust be intense, deep and done with faith, in order to defeat the cancerous process the patient must feel suspension without effort as well as the slow pulse and also interpret the human acts with more benevolence. The individual can even walk above ashes without getting burnt (levitation). The quantum cure is the ability of a state of conscience (mind) to correct mistakes in another state of conscience (the body) spontaneously. In our opinion, the unconscious conflicts which produce guilt feelings derived from childhood fantasies, mainly those which refer to the combinedfigure (unconscious fantasy of parents pursued in cannibalistic coitus) cause a lot of envy, making the child have fantasies of killing his/her parents or their substitutes (spouse or someone else) (5,d) . This immense unconscious guilt feeling would lead to the cancerous process, therefore one of the difficulties of psychotherapy in the treatment of neoplasia.
Besides, we have verified that the depressive state precedes the origin of Ca (5,d). On the other hand, happiness increases immunity, as Itami has demonstrated. et al (22).
The theory of morphemic resonance by Sheldrake (9) and Jung’s concept of the collective unconscious, both have similarities. Our DNA is like a TV set which allows us to receive the transmission. (26)
It is possible to transcend samsara’s vicious circle, the one of the compulsive obsessive acts, through psychoanalysis and mainly through psychotropic medicine which act in the reptilianbrain (diminishing irritability which is a defect of this part of the cerebral trunk that leads to the need for repetitive acts, these form the obsessive neurosis such as many superstitions, including religious myths). Continuous and repetitive praying of the same text without feeling what is being said. The normalization of the cerebral trunk (limbic system and cortex) can free one from the submission to karma and make him reach a state of complete freedom called nirvana in opposition to “auydia” (ignorance).
Coming back to the KOAN phenomenon: our knowledge of the mind could help us understand the mind itself, mainly if we use the Homo Mythicus, that is, the one of the unconscious fantasies. Ananda Coomaraswamy (17, a) says: the “myth incorporates the closest approach to the absolute truth capable of being expressed by words”.
12 – The Strength of the Unconscious is Incommensurable.
Conception without love (a mother with unconscious filicidal feelings or the non desire of desire) would lead the child to unhappiness, to be unsatisfied with life, as we have attempted to demonstrate in 254 cases. (15, e)
Patient being analyzed said: – “I dreamed that I have murdered 783 people. Wow! I am mad!” During analysis we discovered that this number was his matriculation number in Military School – so the dream would be a self destructive fantasy!.
Another dream about a taxi’s plate number 60.420 – represented exactly the amount of money the patient had spent during his psychotherapy treatment – this is pantomnesia”.
The contraceptive pill awakens the “aletargado” object (symbol of the bad mother). If we could learn about the influence of pre-menstrual tension, through the increase of estrogens, antidiuretics, aldosterone and progesterone which cause anxiety, irritability, depression, swelling and bad feelings for they stimulate unconscious conflicts with the maternal figure (internalized as bad), we could be, therefore, better prepared to treat these patients, lowering the cited hormones using drugs or through psychoanalysis or group analysis.
Understanding the metonymical language. The schizophrenic says: “The steak has burnt the house”, what he really means by saying this is that when frying a steak one may slightly burn certain objects in the kitchen and in such way burn the house. This is the Von Domarus principle which must be understood in order to decipher “the word mix”, during the schizophrenic’s speech (4,b).
On the other hand, we have synchronicity problems to describe significant coincidences.
An example from Jung’s life (25) help us understand better what he wanted to say with the word synchronicity. In a letter to J.B. Rhine, the father of parapsychology, Jung described an incident which he considered as synchronicity: his patient has dreamed with a fox. When she woke up a real fox appeared to her.
Balen (26) refers to the following case:
A man sat to listen to Christmas songs. As soon as he sat down, he thought about his family and about his grandfather who loved him and who used to take him to church. He remembered his grandfather’s favorite song and had a premonition. Deep inside he was convinced that the choir would sing his grandfather’s favorite chant. However, his rational mind said no. After all they were practicing Christmas songs. And while intuition and reason were quarrelling inside him, the choir began to sing his grandfather’s favorite song which lyrics were: “I come to the garden while the mist still remains on the flowers and he walks along with me, talks to me and tells me I belong to him. He tells me I am not alone”. So when the song started he felt inside the deepest peace he had ever felt before in his life. At that moment of deep peace, which was a moment of synchronicity, he knew his life had a purpose and he knew he was not alone. The Indian mystic man is also a “Xamã”, who seems to enter a special morphemic field when he starts his ritual practice.
13 – Dream and Vigil Overlap; It's a Mysterious Moment of Synchronicity.
Jung (25) said that once, during a session, in which the lights of the room were dim, a woman was telling a dream she had. In this dream, she was giving a jewel as a gift, the jewel had the shape of a beetle. At the same time a real beetle enters the room; something has changed in the atmosphere and got in the process bringing a potential for change (25). What happened at that moment was synchronicity; the beetle that entered the room as well as the one that entered her dream are symbols of transformation, when the beetle uncommonly hit the window and got inside, the reality of the symbolic world got in too, as it was necessary for the patient to feel mobilized and realize the changes that her psychic growth was requiring. Another example ofsynchronicity described by Jung (25) and experienced by himself: He remembered having woken up with a strong headache and uncomfortable sensitivity on the back part of his head. When he returned to Zurich he was told that a patient of his had committed suicide at that same night, with a shot on the forehead and the bullet stopped at the back part of the head.
Many occurrences of synchronicity can also be described by terms from parapsychology such as telepathy, or communication from one mind to the other, through which a person has a dream or premonition of something that will happen in the future. These experiences that belong to the field of extra sensorial perception (ESP) are an invisible connection between us and others and between us and nature.
A patient woke up during the night with the feeling that her daughter was in a coma in hospital and had suffered an internal hemorrhage; Her daughter had actually had an I.V.C.
An analyst (57) does not feel well during a group session of a very talkative patient who said he was feeling as if he were in the middle of a large river. At this moment her sickness disappeared and she said: “you feel as if you were very small in a big river”. The patient answers: “I feel dizzy and sick”. The analyst made a self analysis and remembered that during her therapy she had re experienced her own birth and she revealed to the patient that the river symbolized the water breaking. “You are re experiencing this here”. The patient said: “This is amazing, I already feel nothing”. Both patient and analyst had synchronicity or consonance, such as telepathy and premonition that occur in a relative space-time (vibration macro-micro similar to the one that occurs with the communication between a mother and her baby).
14 – The Eye of The Awaken One.
The Tao preaches that there is a unity which is at the base of everything that exists, through the subjective perception that inner and external world walk side by side. The glimpse of Tao is a Gnostic experience. Tao is through a metaphor.
As in the tale Rashomon, by Akutagawa Ryudosuke, all of us will have a personal vision of what has happened, no matter of was kind was the exposition to the fact. SARIPUTRA said (20): “All material phenomenon such as: sensations, ideas, conscience, are empty of proper substance and what is empty of substance is, among other things, a material phenomenon (in psychosomatic language: enzymatic, hormonal, etc.). Precisely because there is nothing that can be known or obtained (the Kantian “thing in itself” is unknowable) (24), that people can rest on the perfection of the wisdom of those who search for truth with nothing to disturb their spirit. You that had gone to the Other Side of the river, you possess the enlighten one (Buddha, Christ, Maome, that is God). The great searchers for truth do not have the thoughts of the “ego”, they, like Tathagata, see with the “Eye of the awaken one”, they do not have thoughts about “thing with proper substance” and “thing without proper substance”, because they have no attachment to the ego; they are humble. As Confucius (27) said, “the reason why the sea receives honors from rivers, streams and creeks is because it places itself in a level a little lower than its affluents”.
Krishasmurti said (28): “one can only comprehend love when one is humble”. Aloha the Hawaiian spirit, is the coordination of the mind with the heart” ...
15 – Spatium.
Space in geometry derives from an experience, a place were something was. A feeling of expression is the place where an object (for example, the breast) was (when the object leaves, depression takes place), it is what is called spatium (5, c) (from neo-structuralism), the place where depression used to be. Without the object, there is the empty space and this emptinesssuperposes depression – it is the existential emptiness full of bizarre objects. The mental space is like Kantian “thing in itself”, unknowable, but that can be represented by thoughts. Without thoughts (or even without good thoughts) there is the hollow. Like Bion said (19): “only the beta elements remain, which must be evacuated, therefore the escape from the hollow through somatization or including thoughts, dreams, fantasies or hallucinatory deliriums, everything to escape the existential hollow. The thought which does not produce Alfa elements, will not be classified as a thought. We believe that the substitution of thought would be somatization, a self-defense for not submitting and continuing to live, despite the frustrations of life (lack of the good breast).
DVANI: The Hindu tradition teaches: "dvani" is the speech which makes heard what the speech does not say. There is a little story, a very naive one, which is naive in order to make us penetrate the truth that it hides. It says the following: A young woman was waiting for her lover by a stream, when she sees a wise man (Brahman) walking close by. She approaches him and says in a soft voice: "How happy I am today! The dog that frightened us with its bark is not here anymore, it has been devoured by a lion that lives around here ..."
The desire of desire is that there is no obstacle (severe superego) to her love, that is, for her meeting with her desire, her lover. However, more deeply, to kill the wise man (Brahman) is to kill or frighten the internalized parents as the castrators who hinder love. The non-desire of killing them, would lead to becoming frigid or censured and would also lead to a guilt feeling for having had this fantasy.
Therefore, it is to say something with a second intention what is behind what is being said. According to Charon (3) there would be a life after death, a theory based on Quantum physics. Here we can verify how could this hypothesis be.
The ancient Indo wise men have reincarnated in their descendents. This could explain the revival of ancient knowledge and therefore they have become able to write the Vedas and theUpanishads (Sanskrit writings) similar to what happened to those who wrote the bible.
KAPILA, 700 years before Christ, described the most ancient philosophical system, the Sanquia (a perfect classification similar to Yoga). It had two principles: 1) Pakriti (primordial energy); 2) Purisha (spiritual principle) which, incorporated to Pakriti gives birth to the many different forms, from the atom to man (the doctrine of love and hate in the atoms) . This would be similar to the instincts of life and death described in psychoanalysis as well as in Quantum Physics. The Greek accepted the Sanquia thinking. Through Patanjadi Yoga one can achieve: 1) Self control (Yama); 2) Sense of religious duty (Niycoma); 3) the postures (Ascinoy) ; 4) the power of controlling Prana (vital force); 5) control of the senses (Pratyhara); 6) the rule of mind (Dharana); 7) meditation (Dhyana); 8) ecstasy or transcendental contemplation (Samadhi) which leads the individual to be very close to God.
BUDDHA, GAUTAMA or Tathagata (which means use with truth) or even Sidartha, the prince, who developed in his childhood a tendency for philosophical thoughts. His father who wished to see him as a famous warrior, quickly got him married. Every illness or suffering was hidden from him, however, when he discovered human miseries he was so shocked he ran away from the palace and took refuge in a (Brahman ) philosophers’ cloister. He concluded that peace could only come from inside. Under the famous Bo tree he felt transcendental enlightenment or Nirvana, Brahman in the aspect of Non-being, Nothing as the origin of everything, extinction of Avidya (ignorance) and he admitted that the unknowable could not be understood by the human mind except when in the state of Nirvana. Buddha, like Jesus are instructors without temples or ceremonies. In our opinion, Sidartha described by Hess (86), had too much envy of his father living well with his mother, reason why he abandoned his home but never found peace in religion. Sidartha became a merchant, got married and had a son to whom he had no affection (unconscious filicidal feeling deriving from matricide and patricide). Crossing boat passengers from one place to another would be, unconsciously, repair the unconscious fantasy of separating his parents, which would cause so much guilt.
16 – Trinitarism.
The idea of the Indo Trinity or AUM was developed into three: Brahman, Vishnu and Shiva. These are considered as aspects of one unique supreme being. This is much similar to The Holy Trinity in catholic church which we interpret as being the symbolism of the father, mother and son or daughter without the fourth element, the devil, that is, envy of mother and father together.(5,b)
VISHNU is always represented as a graceful and kind divinity, however, Shiva or Parvati would be the prince of disharmony and destruction similar to the concepts of life and death instincts in psychoanalysis. Many of the cruel forms of self torture practiced by Indo aceclas originated from the desire to propitiate Shiva, a refined way to worship the devil (as the Thugs do). Very much like the adoration of the Holy Virgin in Christianism, the Indus established a sect called Shaktas, in which they adored the female principle of the universe (universal mother or Shakti), with tendencies to a phallus worship. The same thing happened to the adoration of Pushti-Marga (path of pleasure) which degenerated into sexual practice.
The Indus considered Vishnu as one with many avatars (reincarnation). In their concept, Krishna who lived 1.400 years before Christ, (who was dark skinned) was one of the authors of the holy book called Bhagavad-Gita and Mahabharata (30).
17 – “Miracles” of Fakirs.
The “miracles” of Hindu fakirs (sinniassis) are not supernatural as they may seem at first sight. For example: a mango seed which grows and then shrinks, a child that climbs a rope in the air, a rope which transforms itself in a snake, magnetic water, etc... . These sights would be possible through the hypnosis of the audience (a suggestible crowd), since pictures taken of these events do not show a child climbing a rope, for instance. These suggestible states are due to the admirable development of telepathy and mental forces through Prana, like Cumberlandism (guessing) (31) (32) mainly with certain kinds of people (in the occident this would be more difficult). Most Hindus are open to receive concentrated thoughts – called “Prana energized” (31) (32). Some cases of levitation are seen in people who walk over ashes without getting burnt.
18 – How Would the Soul Be Formed.
Would the soul exist? How would life after death be? There is a daring hypothesis based on Quantum Physics. If we are cremated, our atoms and their components, specially eons, would persist through time. Maybe in the future there will be a device that could reunite and personify them again (resurrection) or even pick up a conversation in the past, in a determined space and time. Therefore, Christ’s resurrection and Spiritualism would be confirmed. (Until today materialization and reincarnation are not perfectly proved and mean only telepathic suggestion and telebulia). (32)
19 – The Sspeech of Second Intentions.
HARA TANZAN a famous Zen Master from the end of the XIX century, was travelling on foot in followed by a monk. They met a beautiful young lady who could not cross a river. The Master took her in his arms and carried her to the other side of the river. Hours later, his monk friend said: "you are very careless". "Why?”, replied Tanzan. - "It is not proper for a monk to take a lady in his arms, is it?. Tanzan laughing, said: "Oh! That lady? Actually, it is not proper for you to go on carrying her." We psychoanalysts, can understand this conflict through projective identification.
Even without knowing, he was interpreting the non-satisfied unconscious feelings of his monk friend. Tanzan was, therefore, practicing psychoanalytic psychosomatic...
KUKUA (33) was the first Japanese monk to study Zen in China. When he returned to Japan, the emperor asked him what Zen was. Kukua bowed respectfully, took a flute from a pleat in his quimono, blew a note, put the instrument back, bowed again and disappeared. We can attempt a psychoanalytic interpretation to this attitude: "I can be a man already, I do not feel impotent beyond the father’s authority anymore and I do not need him...".
IKYYÛ (34), a master, was wandering through the fields with a bamboo flute, when an eremite approached him: "Who are you?". Ikyyû replied - "I am a pilgrim that goes where the wind blows ". Trying to trick him, the eremite asked: "and when the wind does not blow?. lkyyû replied: "then I blow...". It is necessary to interpret the long silence of a patient. I hope we all use both the wind and the blow just as in psychoanalytical techniques; like gurus and Zen masters, beyond their disciples. It is similar to a judo fight, the master (analyst) does not attack, he waits for the attack allowing the disciple (patient) to present the problem. When the attack comes, the master (analyst) does not oppose to it; he rolls with it but leads him to his own conclusion, which is the falling of the false social premise of the disciples’ problem.
SHUGEISHUCHI means to assemble all disciplines and arts in one whole synthesis and implant perfect wisdom. In religion, symbolic expressions of the sacred, such as: Buddha, Jesus andMaome (the enlighted ones), Dharma (the universal law taught by the enlighted) and Sangha (the fraternal community formed by enlighted disciples). In Medicine, Psychosomatic – the true whole medicine, ideal to get out of SANSARA, the circle of despair and ignorance.
Like the psychotherapist who needs a didactic analysis to free himself, the same happens with the guru. When the latter says - "he is in the crowd of others" (20) we interpret: it is a kind of projective identification with internalized objects. What we need to do is profit from "here and now", the exact emotional moment. We must be "gestaltic" in order to begin understanding Kant’s "thing itself".
According to oriental religious people, men live simultaneously in two worlds: in reality world, of matter and consciousness, and in the world of symbols, whether they are linguistic, mathematical, musical or ritual. In psychoanalysis, men live simultaneously in the world of reality and in the world of fantasies, conscious or unconscious.
20 – The Therapeutic Eros Must Be Discovered Inside Ourselves.
Through time we have seen, all kinds of philosophers, erudite and deep-thinking theologians make the following mistake: identify as facts their purely verbal constructions, or even worse: imagine that symbols are more real than what they represent. This "deification" of words was brought to light by Krishnamurti (28) : "truth was never preached by Buddha, because we must discover it inside ourselves". Not even meta-linguistics came to help. The old habit of formulating a credo and imposing a belief in dogmas has survived even among atheists.Religions have also decayed because they lack a clear comprehension of unconscious symbols and, above all, because the truth must come from the inside and not be intellectualized. Just like in psychotherapy: without "reverie" there will not be a good transference. The "Therapeutic Eros" can hardly be taught because we have to discover it inside ourselves. Oriental religion says: "the right thought is not a product neither a result of the intellect, nor it is in conformity to any pattern. The more dignified and noble the thought is, the more it comes with self-knowledge. If one does not comprehend oneself, one would not have a base to think, and without self-knowledge, what one thinks would not be true. The same occurs in the art of psychotherapy, it is neither the product nor the result of the intellect, it comes with our interior view and wisdom.
One can be a good psychotherapist, not only thanks to the methods used, including the psychoanalytic, but there is also something more which is necessary: intuition and "reverie". When the Bible, the Bhagavad-Gita or Confucius are mentioned, they are being repeated for sure, but what is being repeated cannot be the truth. When the truth is repeated it fails in being the truth. We can achieve truth at the exact moment of interpretation, as recommends Bion (19), through the knowledge of unconscious phenomenon, through experiences, withdrawing memory, desire and knowledge (using the non-knowledge) and, above all, we must have the “act of faith”. Formulas and methods lead to a “blind thinking", a standardized thought, that may not have a useful meaning in psychotherapy. As oriental religions preach, "what must be done to face our challenge is deprive, strip completely, from all knowledge and experiences to face the challenge in a new way". In other words, dogmas must not be used, no method should be totally standardized and no system should be considered as more than a temporary means. Education that does not teach us how to think, but only what to think, is a wrong education.
Krishnamurti (28) says: "I am not prescribing what you should do from moment to moment or day to day, but only showing something you could take or leave here, and that depends on you not me".
21 – Repetitive Prayer, and Illness of The Reptilian Mind.
In psychoanalytical technique, knowledge and path are shown through interpretation, but the patient is not "forced" to follow them. Some oriental religious men refer to the danger of getting stuck in the trap of the repetitive prayer (which is a bad neuron structure in the reptilian brain, a characteristic of neurosis or obsessive psychosis). The repetitive prayer becomes asubstitute to the search for truth; even though sometimes, during this kind of prayer, when the mind is in peace, there could occur a new communication. In Yoga, which is concentration on one chosen thought, other thoughts are rejected and this may cause conflict. Only when we condemn and compare that other ideas interfere.
The deification of words was revealed by Krishnamurti (28): "truth has never been preached by Buddha because we must discover it inside ourselves ".
The Therapeutic Eros is hardly taught because we must discover it inside ourselves.
Krishnamurti’s (28) "creative reality" is only revealed as “fixed in the subject” (as in Malebranche, what remains inside the being) when the observer’s mind is in a "state of vigilant passivity" or in a state of "awareness without choice". In these conditions, it can reach the conciliation of the opposites and a total love. If you love, you can do whatever you want. However, if you start by doing whatever you want or whatever you do not want, only in order to obey a traditional system of ideas and prohibitions, you will never really love. This "creative reality" is not a gift, it must be discovered and experienced. It can be reached when thought is free from greediness, malevolence and ignorance, then one may think and meditate properly. The mind which has reached serenity through wisdom, will know how to be, will know what is love. In order to achieve this state, we believe understanding and experiencing unconscious fantasies, which cause gilt feelings, is essential. The exorcism of unconscious fantasies is essential to achieve happiness.
To eliminate gilt is the chief aim of life’s philosophy – it is what matters most (to timiotaton, Plotino) (8,a).
The nightmare of an individual who suffers repetitively poverty, illness and death or is imprisoned in a torture chamber full of devils, ends when he discovers himself (inside himself) and discovers that there is “no one” to make him suffer. In psychoanalysis, when there is no internalized bad object, there is no gilt, without gilt there is no need for suffering.
SUNYATA, or the empty doctrine (20) simply says that there are no auto-existent forms, since the more we concentrate on anything individual, the more it involves the whole universe. The Buddhist final view of the world as dhasmadhatu – is the field of related functions - base of all modern structuralism.
Besides prajna (perception or intuitive wisdom) and Karuna (sympathy) there is counseling without getting involved, similar to the psychoanalytical technique.
Confucius told the following tale (27): "I saw an old man fall from the Luliang waterfall and suffer nothing. I asked him: "Are you a spirit?” “No”, answered the old man. “I enter the whirlpool and exit together with it. I adapt to the water and not the water to me. So, treating it that way, not getting involved, I can exit alive”. In order to help a patient, an analyst must not or cannot get involved with him, that is, to help him feel the truth, the analyst must not take him through his confused problems, but show them through the non psychotic part of his personality.We must not fall in the patient’s destructive trap but get out of it without getting involved. It seems that Plato in the “Banquet” (Aristophanes’ speech paragraph 189c) (35), has been influenced, at least indirectly, by Indo ideas specially the ones from the Upanishads (a collection of Sanskrit texts, written from the VI century before Christ on). This Veda literature that has been transmitted from masters to disciples, grants a speculative aspect of meditation about the inside and its relationship with the whole – Brahman). In Brihad – Aranyaka – Upanishads it says: “In the beginning it was Atman on Si (Soi), an anonymous and lonely principle, that did not feel pleasure. Because of this, it felt the desire to have a second one, so it divided its ego in two parts and gave birth to husband and wife.”. This primitive unity is much more radical than in Plato, who therefore, used as a basis a model borrowed from oriental traditions.
Psychoanalysis nowadays, uses these teachings to cast the hypothesis of Andrus, gynus and androgynous in order to comprehend transsexualism and certain kinds of transvestitism and homosexualism (5 b, c).
On the other hand, Schopenhauer (36) presents all his philosophy as the perpetuation of Indo knowledge. In the preface to the first edition of his book “The world as will and as representation” he presents the benefits of the knowledge of the Vedas. The access to the Vedas was revealed to us by the Upanishads. Schopenhauer cites the “divine Plato’ and how his thoughts have something borrowed from the ancient doctrines of the old Indo and Egyptian people.
The distinction between the phenomenon and “the thing itself” is that Kant (24) has perpetuated the Hindu tradition: the World as a representation prepares for the World as will, completing it, like Plato also developed in his “Cave” (35). Plato based himself on the teachings of the Vedas and the Puranas: a Maya doctrine, which makes the sensitive world an illusion that one must take the veil off in order to reach the authentic nucleus of things. It is the same truth expressed in a different way. “The Banquet” by Plato is also a dialogue strongly oriental. It seems that Freud was fascinated by the Upanishads and that Schopenhauer considered them as the result of highest human science and wisdom, as the regenerating evangelism in Christian Occident.
The grain of rice is white, but we should fight for it to become even whiter and we shall reach Satori (knowledge and enlightenment or insight) through Do (the way).
22 – There is no Contradiction Between Psychoanalysis and Religion.
There is no contradiction between philosophical psychoanalysis and the many existing religions. They complete each other, it is only a question of knowing how to communicate, without worshiping words, without arrogance, pride and tricks.
When truth is repeated it is no longer the truth.
The mind of the observer must be in a state vigilant passivity.
23 – The Existential Emptyness.
"What must be done to face our challenge is to deprive completely, strip of all knowledge and experience, in order to face the challenge in a new way”. In other words, one must not use dogmas and no method should be totally standardized.
The resistance to the analytical process (K-O bionian) is a consequence of the fact that the truth about oneself (reach O) would lead to a catastrophic change (to be empty or be absent and indifferent).(19)
The work of an analyst who is beyond a patient with Neutral Disease is different. We agree with Lopez-Penalver (37) when he says that, if the analyst is not in a state of floating attention, there will be no repressed one (there will be no free associations). It is not a question of conflict, but of rupture.
Peter Giovachini, (apud Lopez-Penalver) (37), writes that when the analyst is capable of accepting the emptiness without trying to fulfill it he may reach what is absent in the patient. The Chinese poetry is explicit:
“One day an old Chinese wise man lost his pearls.
So he ordered his eyes to search for them
But his eyes did not find them.
Then he ordered his ears to search for them,
But the ears did not find them too.
He also sent his hands, all in vain.
Therefore, he sent all his senses to the search, however, none of them found the pearls.
Finally, he sent the non search to search for the pearls.
In this way, his non search found the pearls”.
Interpretation may not help find remembrance, but yet allow one to relive experiences that could not be elaborated. This is what we have called reviviscence and not reminiscence. It is the use of communication from unconscious mind to unconscious mind, creating links where they once did not exist. To reach emptiness means to think.
Emptiness occurs in many neuroses and psychosomatic diseases, however, when it is very accentuated or disorganized, it will become neutral disease.
24 – Special Qualities of the Psychotherapist.
The analyst must listen with the eyes. The group talks for a long time about abandoning therapy, when in fact, it means the opposite – this is perspective inversion. Bentivegna (38,a) mentions: when the analyst practices SIW, that is, silent interpretative wandering, the patient or group realizes it and calms down, becoming more articulate. However, the analyst’s silence may be with or without SIW. When the patient’s projective identification and anguishes invade the analyst, he /she must have reverie, that is, an ability to be the holder of these invasions, to welcome them without getting involved emotionally. This wandering must be applied only to the content that combines with love or hate: it is the analyst’s state of mind, so that he can receive any object from the loved object (patient), it is the mother’s alpha factor and it means that the analyst is open.
Bentivegna (38,a) gives an example of a group session in which all members ignored the analyst for a long time, and the analyst feeling “out of the gang”, lonely and lost, just said: "Now I know what it feels to be ‘out of the gang’, lost". The group was trying to control him, test him and was "defecating" on him in order to destroy him. He had reverie and welcomed the projective identification, avoiding the group’s dissolution.
The analyst’s intuitive and trained skills are transformed to juxtapose with what is happening in the analysis. So, the development of the analyst’s emotional and not only theoretical conditions is fundamental.
Helen Deutsch (39) observed that her patient has referred to her lack of attention during the analysis. She has recognized this as a form of telepathic manifestation.
Hollos (40) has observed around 560 examples of telepathic communication, during twelve years of analytical practice.
Gillespie (41) cites: “On the night before, I saw the play “Now Barrabas”, by W. D Home, and on the next day, a patient of mine had dreamt that she was being persecuted by a criminal and that she saw a picture of a child which said: "This is not Douglas Home, it is a child". The patient did not know who D. Home was, and the analyst, who was very impressed by the play, interpreted the dream like this: "You should not be interested by D. Home, but by myself". Chopra (23,b), says: “There was a woman who disliked beer. She suffered a heart transplant surgery and the donator was a man who liked beer. After the transplant, she started to feel the need for drinking beer. To receive the cells of another person also means to receive his / her memories”.
Balint (42) says that telepathic phenomenon may occur during analysis. When the therapist assumes an attitude of " professional hypocrisy" and conceives his ambivalence, certain "talented" and despaired patients are capable of telepathic manifestations, "shocking" even the analyst.
When Gillespie (41) presented her work at the British Society, around thirty analysts have had suggestive para-psychological experiences. She then concluded that, if it were not for scientific orthodoxy, we would have more information on this behalf.
Maria Langer (43) mentions the case of a patient that, on the day before during the afternoon, thought about the analytical relationship and compared it to the relationship of two gorillas in a cage. At that same time, two gorillas had escaped from a circus and hid in the analyst’s house, scaring him / her.
Great men must have their minds free, that is why at certain times they must “think in emptiness”. As KOKUSHI (44) says: “If you should wish to listen to the thunderous voice of Darma (libido or the essence of the Universe), wear out your words, empty your thoughts, only then you may recognize this One Essence” (the Kantean “thing itself”).
Any person could be a psychoanalyst or a musician, and many are, however, few of them achieve the quality of the great performers. In music, despite the fact that pauses, pianissimos, and fortissimos are established by the scores, they are dosed, weakened or strengthened, with greater or less efficiency, by the performer, who makes as a result an individualized interpretation (unique, not imitatable and not transferable) because it is inherent to himself.
This something more would be intuition, kindness, reverie, ability to grasp the right moment (timing) and sensitivity towards the material provided by the group. This something more would be called gift, an innate quality which, allied to other qualities acquired culturally, would form the complex “something more”. This allows the group therapist the possibility to be in complete and non-restricted syntony with his group.
“A patient talks again about her love conflict. The analyst (38) asks her: “Is this boyfriend by any chance called Toninho?”. She was very surprised and said: “you witch!”. The analyst had simply remembered her saying words which were related to the name of the boyfriend and then he deduced his name”.
Another example of a patient who received a valuable ring from her grandmother, but since she did not approve of her grandmother’s matrimonial behavior during her life time, the patient did not wear the ring. She was afraid of getting “contaminated”, of being unfaithful just like her grandmother had been!.
The analyst goes beyond the role of the musician. A musician may sing for you but he will not be able to make your ears pick up the melody. Moreover, the analyst should be able to “prepare” the ears of the patient. Analytical Psychotherapy in group and group analysis are therefore, art and technique.
Psychoanalytical interpretation is located as close as possible to the poetic speech.
The result that comes, apparently when is less expected, through an interpretation, is a product of a lot of previous suffering – the bud which blossoms wonderfully in Spring has developed in Winter with a lot of difficulty. The analyst makes a mistake when interprets as soon as he discovers the unconscious meaning: the analyst must hold on and wait for the moment (timing) in which the patient or group is ready to receive the interpretation. The oracle that said: “You will die after you brother”, may cause a depressive state in the individual, for it represents a witch message; whereas, “You will survive your brother”, will cause the opposite feeling, that is, euphoria.
Virginia Bicudo (45), says that the analytical sessions provide the rhythm of the association of ideas, which corresponds to the possibility of restoring the birth experience. The closer to each other the sessions are, greater is the opportunity to transform birth anguish. The psychic energy (useful) keeps the analytical link warm, similar to the Quantum Physics principle, entropy law – the withdrawal of heat from the warmer body by the less warm body, through the Positive Transference movement. Therefore, the rhythm of intervals between analytical sessions must be considered according to the entropy law. It must be corrected the same way that the correction of watches that fail to meet in space is done – since the movements of psychic energy, attraction and repulsion, are constant movements between atomic particles.
25 – Transformation of Chaos in Entropy.
There is no growth in psychoanalytical therapy without mental pain – all of us suffer to grow just like the teenager with his “bone pains”.
The patient will suffer, he may even get in chaos1, however the analyst must know how to transform chaos in entropy. In this century the camunian aspect has accentuated even more – the century of fear – like the durkeinian anomy.
Gleick (46) (47) writes: “Chaos brakes the frontiers which separate scientific disciplines. Because it is a science of the global nature of the systems, it has put together thinkers from fields which were very far apart. Fifteen years ago, science was heading to a growing crises of specialization, dramatically, this tendency for specialization was reverted thanks to chaos. Chaos raises problems which challenge the ways of work accepted in sciences. It refers, with a lot of emphasis, to the universal behavior of complexity. Relativity has eliminated the Newtonian illusion about absolute space and time. The Quantum Theory has eliminated the Newtonian dream of a controllable measuring process. Chaos has eliminated the lacanean fantasy of determinist predictability. The Chaos revolution applies to the universe we see and touch, and to human conflicts. The daily experience and the real pictures of the world have become legitimate targets for questioning.
People fight for a new life and this opens the doors of creativity. In the mythic world, all of those who have searched for knowledge, suffered or died for the Gods, now it is time to search for the knowledge of unconscious fantasies, give them solutions and in this way reach Homo Noumenon, without Hybris (proud and arrogance), without sexual sin and without guilt of the fantasy of having assassinated parents. No longer expelled from Paradise, living in Arete, a good and noble existence.
If psychossomatists use these pieces of knowledge they may improve a lot the relationship among doctors-patients-family, mainly during psychotherapy or when prescribing medicine.
The world nowadays is dominated by Tanatism, it has become psychotic due to emotional and cultural conflicts, and due to conflicts originated in the childhood period (wars between Palestine e Jews, Catholic and Protestant in Belfast, "holy war" in Islam, genocide in Africa, and so on...) Scientists today know how to avoid a catastrophic end of humanity, through many ways: economic balance and parent education, even before marriage, so that children from the third generation do not develop death instinct so much. Maybe a new spiritual leader with an extraordinary energetic and charismatic strength, could influence humanity as a whole, orienting it to a libido and constructive side. However, in the meanwhile, we must continue as psychossomatists, to better understand and help Homo Mythicus so that he does not use the fatal atomic energy.
“Light from stars that had extinguished millions of years ago can still reach us. The same happens to great men who have died centuries ago: the radiation from their personalities can still affect us”. (48)
Psychosomatic medicine must not only have the knowledge of organic, of structures, of functional, but also have the knowledge of the unconscious world, with its paleologic logic, so that it can “remove the patient’s mask" , since both have to be understood (act of hope), must have belief in each other (act of faith). These must not be accepted as pure truth so that they do not get stagnated and then, both patient and analyst will have the opportunity for new growth, without pretension to reach Homo Noumenon, just reaching Homo Erogenus or Dionisius (eternally creating himself).
The psychossomatist must also use the knowledge which is transmitted from unconscious mind to unconscious mind, and also have intuition, reverie, Therapeutic Eros (find it inside himself), in order to help the human being more efficiently.
Relativity Theory has eliminated the Newtonian illusion about absolute space and time. Quantum Theory has eliminated the Newtonian dream of a controllable measuring process. Chaos has eliminated the lacanean fantasy of determinist predictability. People fight for a new life and this open the doors of creativity to search, through corrected unconscious fantasies, the Arete(strength and value) existence, without Hybris (proud and arrogance), without guilt of the fantasy of having assassinated parents, not to be “expelled from paradise” any longer and to have a good and noble existence...
To end up, we wish that for the following millenium, many doctors achieve the "STATE OF FAITH", may it be a perfect libido production, with a normal hormonal balance.
Psychosomatic perspective does not subvert the individual any longer, it wishes to re-center him in his nucleus, that is, in the “whole man”, more mature. Psychosomatic is too good to serve only the ill ones, it should value the art of living! It must get out of the way of knowledge, to establish itself in the domains of wisdom. Materialism and Durkeinian anomia have reigned because religion has partially entered in eclipse. If we could apply to the people the knowledge of psychosomatic today, humanity’s future could be promising, for avoiding traumas in themolding periods the atomic bomb catastrophe could have been avoided, and then, we could even think about achieving Homo Noumenou.
The Faithless Patient
Dr. Luiz Miller de Paiva
Dra. Alina M.A. de Paiva
Objective: The aim of this work is to analyze the problem of faith during psychotherapy.
Methods: We have used analytical psychotherapy techniques (psychoanalysis, analytical psychotherapy and group analysis (Miller Paiva).
Results and Comments about clinical implications: Firstly, the author describes the concept of faith, false faith and lack of faith (agnostism) in psychotherapy as well as in different religions. Faith, is different from the act of faith (Bion) and from Zen Buddhist deep meditation (Chopa). He mentions his observations during the meeting he had with the monks from Kioto and Bancok.
The “act or state of faith” could be transmitted through electromagnetic waves from unconscious mind to unconscious mind, this is the reason why the author also mentions the new knowledge from Quantum Physics, the Koan phenomenon, transmissions through DNA, electrons, Mesons, hadrions, positrons, anti-protons, eons, etc. The study of Homo Mythicus (a product of unconscious fantasies) and of neo-Gnostic Physics(Charon) are also dealt with.
The exchange between “spiritual” electrons tries to explain the haeccceity concept, the concept of telepathic phenomenon and the one of the immortality of the soul (numenic light).
The Cartesian-Newtonian notion of the world has become out of date. Modern Physics takes us to a view of the world very similar to the ones preached by mystics of all times (Vedas, Upanishads, I Ching, Sufra Buddhists, Al Farahi, Sadi, Heisenberg’s principle of uncertainty, Geofrey Chew, Krishnamurti, Bentivegna, Taoism, etc.).
The author cites examples of good and bad thoughts, and computerized tomography and magnetic resonance. He approaches Jung’s synchronicity concept, the “awaken eye”, love according to Krishnamurti, Beta elements (Bion), Sanquia (Pakriti and Purisha), Aum (Indo trinity), Faquirism, the importance of the reptilian brain, meditation about interiority, “existential emptyness”, and Tanatism.
Finally, he concludes that the false faith, the passional and dreadful faiths are the ones which lead to incredulity, always harmful, whereas pragmatic, doctrinal and moral faith (Scot, Eckhard), will be valuable during psychotherapy. However, it is the state of faith (theástai) obtained through deep meditation that would modify the organism in terms of hormones, enzymes, kinines, etc., providing the cure for many diseases including cancer (Ikeme, Shopa), mainly through the “therapeutic Eros” process, which is hardly taught, since we must discover it inside ourselves using intuition and reverie, in this way avoiding the Neutral Disease and other infirmities.
Psychosomatic medicine is to good to serve only the ill ones, it should also value the art of living, since it must also approach cognition as well as unconsciuos fantasias (paralogical) and so, the analyst can “remove the mask” of the faithless patient and he could be understood (act of hope) and be believed in (act of faith).
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